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Winslow Homer의 작품들 (화가, 첫번째) 세계의 화가들 |
2009.07.10 21:12










































































Winslow Homer (English Winslow Homer) 1836 - 1910.
American painter and graphic artist, one of the leaders of American Art in the XIX., A master of the romantic genre, the founder (along with Thomas Ikinsom) American realist painting. Most famous for his seascapes. Known as for his oil and watercolor. Most researchers considering Homer as a major figure in American art of the XIX century, influenced all subsequent developments in American painting. Homer was one of the first generation of American artists who created their own American art school. While most of his contemporaries regarded European art as an ideal, Homer, while experiencing the impact of a variety of artistic currents in his work first and foremost based on a purely American story.

Works of Homer is divided into two markedly different periods. Until the early 1880's, when he lived mainly in New York - in the painting is dominated by bright sunny landscapes and scenes. Since the mid 1880-ies H.U. live in the state of Maine, for his creativity more characteristic dark colors and scenes of violence and tragedy.

Winslow Homer was born in Boston on Feb. 24, 1836 in a family of middle-class, time is in financial difficulties. Both parents, Charles Sivedzh Homer Sr. and Henrietta Benson Homer, comes from the oldest families in New England. Winslow Homer was the second of three sons. When he was six years old, the family moved to Cambridge, where his father kept the store. Mother of Homer, the artist-fan (watercolor), became the first teacher of his son until his death in 1884, was the person having the greatest influence on him.

In 1842 the family moved to Cambridge, where U.H. received primary education in the school of Washington (Washington Grammar School), though has never been a diligent student. To this period include his first experience of drawing. The drawings describe the urban life in Boston and later New York.
In 1854, aged 18 years, Winslow Homer decided not to go to university. Instead, he, having no formal education, students enrolled in one of the most famous engraving companies in the United States, Baffords (JH Bufford's) in Boston. There he worked until 1859. This period coincided with the flowering of the largest magazines in the United States.
Since 1859 he lived in New York.
During the Civil War 1861-1865 biennium. - The military correspondent of the weekly Harper.
From 1862 to paint.
Visited France (1866-1867 gg.) And England (1881-1882 gg.).
As an artist, self-improvement,
studying the works of American and French realist painting. Already painting Prisoners from the Front "(1866), which combines the accuracy of the documentary with vivid psychological characteristics between the two armies, showed the identity of the realistic abilities of Homer.
Newer paint mostly from America, the lives of ordinary people - farmers, hunters, sailors, and many works are devoted to the lives of Blacks.
Krupnofigurnye depicting scenes in the background written succulent colors of American landscapes, Homer emphasized the courage of the noble, natural, relationship with nature, hard work their heroes.
In the 1884-1885 biennium. made a trip to the Canadian and Newfoundland to the Bahamas.
Landmark in the development of a favorite theme of "man and the sea has become a picture of" Line of Life "(1884) - depicting a shipwreck victim saved. Temperamental romantic images of the master goes into the symbolism, where natural disasters have the same dramatic right next to the man. From a few idyllic rural scenes ( "Lunch Hour", 1873), Homer turned to dramatic portrayals of conflict between man and nature ( "Hunter, and whippet," 1892, "Gulf Stream", 1899).

Works: "Hunter, and whippet," "Girl with a basket," 1882; "in shallow water, Taynmaut, 1883," The glass windows, the Bahamas, "" longboats Bermuda "," Coast and arrived in Nassau; "In the jungles of Florida" "Female rybachki ashore, Taynmaut," "The house and trees", "Boatman," "black huts and palm trees," "Pioneer," "Breaking the rapids," "Jumping Trout", "Homosassa River "," Fishing on the threshold Sageney "," Fishing Boats, Key West "," Fresh Wind, "" Gone to the sea, "" Hurricane, Bahamas "," cliff Maine, "" Turtle pen, etc.
He died in Prauts-NEC, Maine.

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