Charles Le Brun (1619–1690)
Charles Lebrun (Fr. Charles Le Brun, 24 February, 1619, Paris - 22 February 1690, Paris) - French painter and art theorist, head of the French art school era of Louis XIV.
Born in Paris in eleven years on the protection of future chancellor of France Pierre Segyura entered the disciples of Simon Vue. At the age of fifteen years, served the orders of Cardinal Richelieu, was seen recognized master Nicolas Pussenom in 1642 went to Pussenom in Rome. Thanks to grants from Segyura Lebrun worked in Rome, under the supervision of Poussin, for four years.
Back in Paris, Lebrun bought new influential backers, including the superintendent of Finance Nicolas Fouque, by order of which was painted a portrait of Anne of Austria, and then moved on to the service of Cardinal Mazarini. While working at the castle in-le-Vicomte, Lebrun came to the center of intrigue Mazarini, manipulate rivalries Fouque and Colbert. Manifested itself in the «fact» the best part, he has gained respect for the winner - Colbert.
Having come to power, among other things Colbert led numerous art institutions and factories of France, which relies on the cultural influence of the King-Sun. Lebrun, his protege, in 1648 organized the newly established Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in 1660 - Manufaktura tapestries, in 1666 - valid to this day the French Academy in Rome. Personally directed, and the Academy, and industrial shops, Lebrun directly influenced the tastes and attitudes of a generation of artists, becoming the most important figure of «the style of Louis XIV». Sam King shared and promoted the art Lebrun, especially after the triumphant celebrations in 1660 and the completion of the interior in-Le-Vicomte in 1661. In the same year he ordered Lebrenu series of paintings from the history of Alexander the Great, the first of them has brought the artist and title of nobility «First royal painter» (Premier Peintre du Roi), as well as a lifetime pension. Since 1662 Lebrun oversaw all artistic court orders. He personally paint rooms Apollonovoy galleries in the Louvre, the interiors of the castle of Saint Germain and Versailles (the Military Hall and Hall of Peace).
With the fall of Colbert marquis de Luvua, against the wishes of the King, tried to remove Lebrun from work at the court. The Academy, faithful Lebrenu, his re-election, but the court intrigue eroded the health of an aging artist, and he died without having to complete the painting of Versailles.
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