Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel (1815 - 1905)
Adolf von Menzel (German Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel, 8 Dec, 1815, Breslau - February 9, 1905, Berlin) - German painter, one of the leaders of the romantic historicism.
Adolf von Menzel was born in East Germany in the town of Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland). In 1830, moved with his family in Berlin. The first art school to become the father of Adolf lithographic workshop. Having become in 1833 the family breadwinner after his father died, he took any job: make dinner menus, invitation cards, etc. Adolf short (only 6 months) attended the classes of the Art Academy in Berlin and was almost self. First made famous in the 1833 book of drawings executed pen and represent «Life artist».
In 1840-ies Menzel begins to write from life. There are a number of landscapes, portraits, which were first shown in 1906 at the Menzel at the National Gallery in Berlin, and dramatically changed the situation view his work.
. Since 1856, he was a professor and a member of the Berlin Academy of Arts.
Over the years Menzel traveled to Austria, traveled on the Rhine, the Danube, was on the Baltic Sea, the Netherlands, Italy, overtake the whole of Germany. Travel served him a source of subjects for paintings, genre paintings, pastels. In these works have not been to the poetry and excitement that were inherent in his earlier works.
. The last years of his life he devoted the schedule, although throughout the creative ways not to part with a pencil: only in the National Gallery in Berlin is more than five thousand of his drawings.
In 1880-1890 he was in works of Menzel steal the image of old age, it depicts the portraits of old men and old, looking for a psychological expression of this state.
9 February, 1905 at the ninety-year life Menzel died. Imperial Court he had arranged a magnificent funeral, of which only awarded General Field Marshals.
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