Jan Alojzy Matejko ( 1838-1893)
Aloisia Jan Matejko (polsk. Jan Alojzy Matejko; June 24, 1838, Cracow - November 1, 1893, Cracow) - Polish painter, author of battle and historical canvases.
It was the ninth child in a family in which a total of eleven children. As a child survived the bombardment of the Austrian army in Krakow (1848). He studied at the School of Fine Arts in Cracow (1852-1858), the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich (1859) and Vienna (1860). Since 1860 worked in Cracow, where he died in 1893 and was buried.
By calling the religious creativity of thought. The failure of the rebellion 1863-1864, viewed as a national catastrophe, led to abandon this issue and devote themselves to historical painting. He was the author of Plural canvases depicting key episodes of the history of Poland, and portraits of heroes of the past. Pictures are stored at the National Museum (Warsaw), the National Museum (Cracow), the Lviv Art Gallery and other collections.
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